Urinary tract infection is caused by the intrusion of bacteria into the urinary tract – kidneys, urethra, bladder and ureters. Next to respiratory infections, urinary tract infections are the second most common type of infection that can affect the human body.
Here is a recap on some possible reasons why one can have urinary tract infection in case you missed my previous posts:
Bacteria from the digestive system
Normally, urine is free of bacteria, viruses and fungi. However, when bacteria from the digestive system get into the urethra, they multiply and cause infection. The most common type of bacteria is Escherichia coli or more popularly known as E. coli.
Bacteria may also enter the urinary tract due to sexual intercourse. The most common bacteria that may lead to UTI are Chlamydia and Mycoplasma.
Holding urine increases the chances for bacteria that may be present in it to multiply. This may lead to infection.
Infection in the urethra is called urethritis. The bacteria do not always stay in the urethra alone. It can travel to the bladder, ureters and eventually into the kidneys. Infection in the bladder is called cystitis while infection in the kidneys is called pyelonephritis.
Urinary tract infections can be treated using antibacterial drugs. For most cases, treatment may last for just a few days to about a week or two.
But if there are obstructions or presence of other diseases, treatment may be prolonged. Infections caused by Chlamydia and Mycoplasma need a longer treatment period.
Aside from using drugs, one could use natural remedy for UTI.
Here is a list of some of them that you can easily follow from home: Read more >>